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Moving on from Brexit

Business organisations in Northern Ireland support the First Minister and deputy First Minister in their representations to the Prime Minister over Brexit.  We share the FM’s and DFM’s determination to keep the border open for trade and the movement of people.  Northern Ireland’s geographic situation and economic structure, as well as the political settlement as laid down in the Good Friday Agreement and St Andrews Agreement, mean that bespoke arrangements are essential.

Northern Ireland’s businesses are uniquely affected by the perceived threat of a closed, or hard, border.  Many of our businesses are reliant on cross-border flows of labour, trade and customers. 

  • UK/EU negotiations must recognise the importance for NI businesses to retain the benefits to trade of access to the single market, including the customs union, and for the Common Travel Area to remain.
  • NI businesses must be allowed continued access to people and skills, customers and suppliers across the border.
  • Future arrangements must support continued cross-border partnerships within the island of Ireland.
  • NI businesses need a stable regulatory and standards environment because of their cross-border trading partnerships.
  • Current EU funded social and environmental projects need to continue and be given greater long term reassurance regarding funding.


 The Brexit decision increases concerns about the capacity of the Northern Ireland economy to be financially sustainable and to be export focused.  NI’s new economic challenges are best addressed by a close partnership between the NI Executive and the business community.  As representatives of responsible businesses, we recognise that we have an important role to play in the success of NI.

  •  Businesses in NI can provide information and knowledge that will assist the Executive in shaping policy and its responses to the Brexit negotiations.
  • Businesses in NI are facing unprecedented uncertainty, which is damaging to confidence and investment.  This uncertainty can be lessened through the exchange of information between the Executive and business representative organisations and other key stakeholders, including the universities and the further education sector.
  • An economic stimulus in NI is required to create confidence and generate growth, focusing on investment in skills and infrastructure.
  • NI needs to shape an industrial strategy and an agri-foods strategy that take into account the potential effects of Brexit.
  • NI’s education and skills strategy must be re-assessed in the context of Brexit.


Sector challenges and opportunities

 Three sectors in NI face specific, severe, challenges from Brexit: agri-food, tourism and higher education.  

 The agri-food sector is organised on a cross-border basis, with high levels of trade flows.  It is dependent on membership of the EU’s customs union and relies on access to the EU’s free movement of labour.

 Border controls could jeopardise the all-island tourism sector and may reduce the size of the Northern Ireland tourism industry.  We need to exploit opportunities created by the weaker sterling valuation by increasing the flow of tourists from GB and RoI, but in the longer term we must avoid creating obstacles to attracting tourists to NI.

 Students from other EU countries have been discouraged from studying at NI’s universities because of uncertainty over future residency and work rules.  Lecturers and researchers from EU countries are now more difficult to recruit, while collaborative EU research funding is in question.   There is significant uncertainty about current EU funding to the FE/HE sectors.

 Elements of Foreign Direct Investment will be more difficult to attract without membership of the single market, or clarity on the UK’s future relationship with the EU.  FDI relies on access to skills, which may now become more difficult to source.


Skills and infrastructure

To offset some of the challenges identified above the NI Executive needs to deliver faster and better through investment in skills and infrastructure, which directly affect productivity and were concerns before the Brexit vote.




  • NI has too few graduates and undergraduates aligned with the needs of the economy.
  • NI lacks some key technical skills, particularly in IT.
  • Too many school leavers are without basic skills.


NI has partly compensated for skills weaknesses by relying on free movement within the EU, but access to this labour market of 440 million people is likely to become more difficult if the UK government seeks to reduce migration.



Key parts of NI’s infrastructure require investment, some of which was to be financed by the EU, or on a cross border basis.  Infrastructure investment would provide a stimulus to the NI economy.

Priorities are:

  • The A6 Belfast to L’Derry road
  • The A5 L’Derry to Dublin road (cross-border financed)
  • The York Street interchange (Interreg financed)
  • The North-South electricity interconnector (cross border project)
  • Increased and improved broadband and mobile phone coverage
  • Additional supply of social housing (part funded by EIB)
  • Cross-border water/sewerage projects (EU funded).

Next steps


Stable collective political leadership is essential to see NI through the challenges ahead.  Business organisations are looking to this leadership for reassurance and confidence.


We urge the Executive to adopt policies and initiatives that provide more certainty, increase investment and create more jobs.


August 2016